- Increased white matter in the corpus collosum. The corpus collosum integrates information between the two hemispheres of the brain and white matter plays a significant role in cognition and behavior.
- Increased connections between brain structures. More neural connections results in increased brain efficiency and problem-solving abilities.
- Enhanced development in the frontal cortex. The frontal cortex is responsible for most of our executive functioning skills.
- Increased neuroplasticity. This is the brain’s ability to continue to change and build itself.
- Neurotransmitter balance. Movement increases levels of dopamine, serotonin and other neurotransmitters that help with mood, behavior, and learning.
Valkenborghs, S., Noetel, M., Hillman, C., Nilsson, M., Smith, J., Ortega, F., & Lubans, D. (2019). The impact of physical activity on brain structure and function in youth: A systematic review. Pediatrics, 144(4), e20184032. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-4032
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